severed by Olaf I in vengeance for Klerkon's killing of Olaf I's foster father, Thorolf.
4, Doorway in Trondheim: sunburst, solstice, or echo of old Norse
Note the mystery head at the feet of Olaf I on the column at Trondheim: Is it Klerkon, who killed Olaf I's foster father, and then Olaf I killed him with his axe. Or is this an institutional cleric, who gave military support to Olaf for forcing conversions.
Vote: Klerkon killed by Olaf I.
We prefer the Klerkon theory, for the head. A vengeance killing fills in a unique biographical detail, even a just cause, in that day. If this head signifies just another chieftain in Scandinavia who got a blessing for converting in order a) to get military help from the church in the ruler's turf goals, or b) to escape deadly invasion by the powerful institutional church forces if he refused to convert, it is not worth repeating.
- "All Norway shall be Christian or die," quoth he. He apparently settled Trondheim in 997 or so. Alliances ruled in seeking power: whether religious, political systems, or other. We see little "inspiration". The Holy Roman Emperor, Otto I, ruled 962-973, and successors, offered the means to acquire. Soldiers. See overview or religion gone militant at http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/habs/hd_habs.htm
- Look at Olaf I Tryggvason, now held high on his power pedestal as other European leaders were held high because they won for "Christianity" by force.
- Is that Christian? He got his "friends," or local sorcerers, stories vary, drunk, and then burned their houses if they did not convert. He implemented other methods for compelled Christianity, including the directly brutal: mutilate, banish, otherwise punish, see http://penelope.uchicago.edu/~grout/encyclopaedia_romana/britannia/anglo-saxon/maldon/lewis.html